Prospective Clients should study the following risk warnings very carefully. Please note that we do not disclose or explain all the risks and other significant aspects involved when dealing in Financial Instruments [including Contracts for Difference (“CFDs”) and Foreign Exchange (“Forex”)]. We outline the general nature of the risks involved when dealing in Financial Instruments on a fair and non-misleading basis.
The aforementioned Financial Instruments are complex financial products and not suitable for all investors. They are leveraged products that mature when an existing open position is closed. By investing in these Financial Instruments, one assumes a high level of risk and it can result in the loss of all invested capital.
Unless a Client knows and fully understands the risks involved in Financial Instruments, they should not engage in any trading activity. Clients should not risk more than they are prepared to lose. Prior to applying for a trading account with the Company or making an order, Clients should carefully consider which Financial Instrument is suitable for them, taking into account their circumstances and financial resources. If a Client is unclear or does not understand the risks involved in trading in Financial Instruments, they should consult an independent financial advisor. If after seeing the advisor, they still don’t understand these risks, then they should refrain from trading.
Purchasing and selling Financial Instruments comes with a significant risk of losses and damages, and each Client must understand that the investment value can both increase and decrease. Clients will be held liable for losses and damages, which could result in the loss of all of the Clients’ invested capital, once they make the decision to trade.
2.1. Technical Risk
The Company places significant importance on the execution of the Clients’ orders and at all times, strives to offer the highest speed of execution possible, within the limitations of technology and communications links. The Client shall be responsible for the risks of financial losses caused by the failure of information, communication, electronic or any other systems. For instance, the Client may give instructions by telephone to modify or close a position. The Client is responsible for the security of his Access Data. If the Client undertakes transactions on an electronic system (Trading Platform), they will be exposed to risks associated with the system, including the failure of hardware and software (Internet / Servers). For example, there may be a delay on the Company’s platform when receiving an order, and this may affect the price of execution. Consequently, the result of any system failure may be that the order is either- not executed according to the Client’s instructions – or it is not executed at all. The Company does not accept any liability in the case of such a failure.
While trading through the Client Terminal the Client shall be responsible for the risks of financial losses caused by:
The Client acknowledges that at times of excessive deal flow, the Client may have some difficulties with telephone connections with a Dealer, especially in a Fast Market (for example, when key macroeconomic indicators are released).
2.2. Abnormal Market Conditions
The Client acknowledges that under Abnormal Market Conditions the period during which the Instructions and Requests are executed, may be extended.
2.3. Trading Platform
The Client acknowledges that only one Request or Instruction is allowed to be in the queue at one time. Once the Client has sent a Request or an Instruction, any further Requests or Instructions sent by the Client are ignored until the first Request or Instruction is executed.
The Client acknowledges that when the Client closes the order placing/modifying/deleting window or the position opening/closing window, the Instruction or Request which has been sent to the Server, shall not be cancelled.
In case that the Client has not received the result of the execution of the previously sent Instruction but decides to repeat the Instruction, the Client shall accept the risk of making two transactions instead of one.
The Client acknowledges that if the Pending Order has already been executed but the Client sends the Instruction to modify its level and the levels of If-Done Orders at the same time, the only Instruction, which will be executed, is the Instruction to modify the Stop Loss and/or Take Profit levels on the position opened when the Pending Order is triggered.
The Client shall accept the risk of any financial losses due to the fact that they have experienced delays in notices and/or receives no notices at all from the Company.
The Client acknowledges that the unencrypted information transmitted by email is not protected from any unauthorised access.
The Client is fully responsible for the risks in respect of undelivered trading platform internal mail messages sent to the Client by the Company, as they are automatically deleted within 3 (three) calendar days.
The Client is wholly responsible for the privacy of the information received from the Company and accepts the risk of any financial losses caused by the unauthorised access of a third party to the Client’s Trading Account.
The Company has no responsibility if authorised/unauthorised third persons have access to information, including electronic addresses, electronic communication, personal data and access data, when the above are transmitted between the Company or any other party, using the internet or other network communication facilities, telephones, or any other electronic means.
2.5. Force Majeure Event
In case of a Force Majeure Event the Client shall accept the risk of financial losses.
2.6. Effect of Leverage
Under Margin Trading conditions even small market movements may have a great impact on the Client’s Trading Account. It is important to note that all accounts trade under the effect of Leverage. The Client must also consider that if the market moves against them, the Client may sustain a total loss of all of the funds deposited. The Client is responsible for all the risks, financial resources the Client uses and for the chosen trading strategy.
It is highly recommended that the Client maintains a Margin Level (percentage Equity to Necessary Margin ratio which is calculated as Equity / Necessary Margin * 100%) of not lower than 1,000%. It is also recommended that a Stop Loss is placed to limit potential losses, and Take Profit to collect profits, when it is not possible for the Client to manage their Open Positions.
The Client shall be responsible for all financial losses caused by the opening of the position, using temporary excess Free Margin on the Trading Account gained as a result of a profitable position, (cancelled by the Company afterwards) opened at an Error Quote (Spike) or at a Quote received as a result of a Manifest Error.
2.7. High Volatility, price movements and the meaning of Slippage
Some Financial Instruments trade within wide intraday ranges with volatile price movements. Therefore, the Client must carefully consider that there is a high risk of loss as well as profit. The price of Financial Instruments is derived from the price of the underlying asset in which the instruments refer to (for example currency, stock, metals, indices, etc.). Derivative financial instruments and related markets can be highly volatile. The prices of instruments and the underlying asset may fluctuate rapidly, over wide ranges, and may reflect unforeseeable events or changes in conditions, none of which can be controlled by the Client or the Company. Under certain market conditions it may be impossible for a Client’s order to be executed at a declared price, leading to losses. The prices of instruments and the underlying asset will be influenced by, amongst other things, changing supply and demand relationships, governmental, agricultural, commercial and trade programs and policies, national and international political and economic events and the prevailing psychological characteristics of the relevant marketplace. Therefore, a Stop Loss order cannot guarantee the limit of loss.
The Client acknowledges and accepts that, regardless of any information which may be offered by the Company, the value of Instruments may fluctuate downwards or upwards and it is even a possibility that the investment may diminish to no value. This is owed to the margining system applicable to such trades, which generally involves a comparatively modest deposit or margin in terms of the overall contract value. A relatively small movement in the underlying market can have a disproportionately dramatic effect on the Client’s trade. If the underlying market movement is in the Client’s favour, the Client may achieve a good profit, but an equally small adverse market movement can not only quickly result in the loss of the Clients’ entire deposit but may also expose the Client to a large additional loss.
At this point it is significant to refer to Slippage which usually happens during periods of high volatility – This is when a trader has executed an order at a price which is different to the price, they expected the trade to be executed at. There are two kinds of slippage, positive and negative. Positive slippage occurs when the price is executed at a better level than the one requested; a negative slippage is exactly the opposite situation; therefore the Client should consider the possible risks and/or hazardous situation that they might be placed in. Slippage can occur in all account and order types offered, and under all execution methods.
Please be informed that in case a slippage is experienced in the market, the orders will be executed at the next available price, in cases of market execution. Instant Execution requotes, (i.e. if the requested price is not available, the current available price will be sent to the Client to confirm execution, and the Client must explicitly agree to accept the requoted price, prior to execution) occur when entering or exiting the market in Standard and Cent account.
In general, the volatility in the market may affect the price, speed and volume. Therefore, trading during volatile conditions, where important news and data releases are made, is incredibly risky and since the best execution criteria might not apply, as indicated in our website, the execution pricing will always be provided at the first available price.
Some of the underlying assets may not become immediately liquid as a result of reduced demand for the underlying asset and Client may not be able to obtain the information on the value of these, or the extent of the associated risks.
2.9. Contracts for Difference
The CFDs available for trading with the Company are non-deliverable spot transactions, giving an opportunity to make profit on changes in currency rates, commodities, stock market indices or share prices (called the underlying instrument). If the underlying instrument movement is in the Client’s favour, the Client may achieve a good profit, but an equally small adverse market movement can not only quickly result in the loss of the Clients’ entire deposit but also any additional table-accordion commissions and other expenses incurred. The Client must not enter into CFDs unless he is willing to undertake the risk of losing all the money he has invested and/or any additional table-accordion commissions and other expenses incurred.
Investing in a CFD carries the same risks as investing in a future or an option and the Client should be aware of the risks set out above. Transactions in CFDs may also have a contingent liability and Clients should be aware of the implications of this, as set out below.
2.10. Off-exchange Transactions in Derivatives
CFDs are off-exchange transactions. The Client acknowledges that the transactions entered in CFDs with the Company are not undertaken on a recognized exchange, rather, they are undertaken over the counter (OTC) and as such they may expose the Client to greater risks than regulated exchange transactions. While some off-exchange markets are highly liquid, transactions in off-exchange or non-transferable derivatives may involve greater risk than investing in on-exchange derivatives because there is no exchange market on which to close out an Open Position. It may be impossible to liquidate an existing position, to assess the value of the position arising from an off-exchange transaction, or to assess the exposure to risk. Bid and Ask prices need not be quoted, and, even where they are, they will be established by dealers in these instruments and consequently it may be difficult to establish what a fair price is.
With regards to transactions in CFDs with the Company, the Company is using a trading platform for transactions in CFDs which does not fall into the definition of a recognized exchange as this is not a Multilateral Trading Facility and so subsequently it does not have the same protection as a recognised exchange.
2.11. Foreign Markets
Foreign markets involve various risks. On request, the Company must provide an explanation of the relevant risks and protections (if any) which will operate in any foreign markets, including the extent to which it will accept liability for any default of a foreign firm with whom it deals. The potential for profit or loss from transactions on foreign markets or in foreign denominated contracts, will be affected by fluctuations in foreign exchange rates.
2.12. Contingent Liability Investment Transactions
Contingent liability investment transactions which are margined, require a Client to make a series of payments against the purchase price, instead of paying the whole purchase price immediately. The Margin requirement will depend on the underlying asset of the instrument. Margin requirements can be fixed or calculated from the current price of the underlying instrument, it can be found on the website of the Company.
When trading in a Financial Instrument, a Client may sustain a total loss of the funds they have deposited to open and maintain a position. If the market moves against them, they may be called upon to pay substantial additional funds at short notice to maintain the position. If the Client fails to deposit funds within the time required, their position may be liquidated as a loss and they will be responsible for the resulting deficit. It is noted that the Company will not have a duty to notify the Client for any Margin Call to sustain a loss-making position.
Even if a transaction is not margined, it may still carry an obligation to make further payments in certain circumstances- over and above any amount paid when the Client entered the contract.
Contingent liability investment transactions which are not traded on, or fall under the rules of a recognised or designated investment exchange, may expose the Client to substantially greater risks.
If a Client deposits collateral as security with the Company, the way in which it will be treated will vary according to the type of transaction and where it is traded. There could be significant differences in the treatment of the collateral, depending on whether the client is trading on a recognized or designated investment exchange, with the rules of that exchange applying, or trading off-exchange. Deposited collateral may lose its identity as a Clients property, once dealings on their behalf is undertaken. Even if the Clients dealings should ultimately prove profitable, they may not get back the same assets which they deposited and may have to accept payment in cash. The Client should ascertain from their firm how their collateral will be dealt with.
2.14. Commissions and Taxes
Before Clients begin to trade, they should make themselves aware of all table-accordion commissions and other charges for which they will be held liable. If any charges are not expressed in monetary terms (but, for example, as a percentage of contract value), the Client should ensure that they understand the true monetary value of the charges. For example, for opening a position in some types of CFDs the Client may be required to pay commission or financing fees, the amount of which is disclosed on the Company Website. Commissions may be charged either in the form of a percentage of the overall value of the trade or as fixed amount. The value of opened positions in some types of Financial Instruments is increased or reduced by a daily swap rate throughout the life of the contract. Swap rates are based on prevailing market interest rates, which may vary over time.
There is a risk that the Client’s trades in any Financial Instruments may be or become subject to tax and/or any other duty for example, because of changes in legislation or his personal circumstances. The Company does not warrant that no tax and/or any other stamp duty will be payable. The Client is responsible for any taxes and/or any other duty and/or fee and/or expenses which may accrue in respect of their trades.
2.15. Suspensions of Trading
Under certain trading conditions it may be difficult or impossible to liquidate a position. This may occur, for example, at times of rapid price movement, if the price rises or falls in one trading session to such an extent that under the rules of the relevant exchange trading is suspended or restricted. Placing a Stop Loss will not necessarily limit losses to the intended amounts, because market conditions may make it impossible to execute such an Order at the stipulated price. In addition, under certain market conditions the execution of a Stop Loss Order may be worse than its stipulated price and the realized losses can be larger than expected.
The Company’s price for a given Financial Instrument is calculated by reference to the price of the relevant underlying asset, which the Company obtains from third party external reference sources. The Company’s prices can be found on the Company’s website. If the price reaches an order such as: Stop Loss, Take Profit, Buy Limit, Buy Stop, Sell Limit, Sell Stop- these orders will be closed. But under certain trading conditions it may be impossible to execute orders (Stop Loss, Take Profit, Buy Limit, Buy Stop, Sell Limit, Sell Stop) at the declared Clients’ price. Therefore, these orders may not always limit Client losses in the event of highly volatile trading conditions, for example, in an underlying asset or reference price. In this case the Company has the right to execute the order at the first available price. This may occur, as already stated, at times of rapid price movement if the price rises or falls in one trading session to such an extent, that under the rules of the relevant exchange, trading is suspended or restricted. This may also occur at the opening of a trading session. The minimum level for placing Stop Loss, Take Profit, Buy Limit, Buy Stop, Sell Limit and Sell Stop orders, for a given Financial Instrument, is specified under Contract Specifications on the main Website of the Company. In general, the Company places strong emphasis on the quality and level of the price data that the Company receives from external sources, in order to provide to the Clients with competitive price quotes. The Company does not however guarantee that its’ quoted prices will be at a price which is as good, or better, than one might have been available elsewhere.
The Company employs adequate arrangements in order to ensure Clients’ assets and ownership rights in the event of the Company’s insolvency. However, the Company’s insolvency or default, may lead to positions being liquidated or closed out without the Clients consent. In certain circumstances, a Client may not get back the actual assets which were lodged as collateral and may have to accept any available payments in cash, or by any other method deemed to be appropriate.
The Company will not be liable for the solvency, acts or omissions of any third party referred to in this paragraph.
The Company may pass money received from the Client to a third party (e.g. a bank, a market, intermediate broker, OTC counterparty or clearing house) to hold or control in order to effect a Transaction through or with that person, or to satisfy the Client’s obligation to provide collateral (e.g. initial margin requirement) in respect of a Transaction. The Company has no responsibility for any acts or omissions of any third party to whom it will pass money received from the Client.
The third party to whom the Company will pass money, may hold it in an omnibus account and it may not be possible to separate it from the Client’s money, or the third party’s money. In the event of the insolvency or any other analogous proceedings in relation to that third party, the Company may only have an unsecured claim against the third party on behalf of the Client, and the Client will be exposed to the risk that the money received by the Company from the third party, is insufficient to satisfy the claims of the Client with claims in respect of the relevant account. The Company does not accept any liability or responsibility for any resulting losses.
The Company may hold Client money on the Client’s behalf outside or inside the EEA. The legal and regulatory regime applying to any such Credit Institution will be different from that of Bermuda and in the event of the insolvency, or any other analogous proceedings in relation to that Credit institution, the Client money may be treated differently from the treatment which would apply if the money was held with a bank in an account in Bermuda. The Company will not be liable for the insolvency, acts or omissions of any third party referred to in this paragraph.
The Company may deposit Client money with a depository who may have a security interest, lien or right of set-off in relation to that money.
A Bank or Broker through whom the Company deals with could have interests contrary to the Client’s Interests.
Market Risk is the risk of losses when the value of investments may decline over a given time period, as a result of economic changes or events that impact a large portion of the market.
Market Risk can be divided in the following categories:
Position Risk: It refers to the probability of loss associated with a particular trading (long or short) position due to price changes.
Interest Rate Risk: The risk that the fair value of future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates.
Commodities Risk: It refers to the uncertainties of future market values and of the size of the future income, caused by the fluctuation in the prices of commodities. These commodities may be oil, metals, gas, electricity etc.
Foreign Exchange Risk: It is a financial risk that exists when a financial transaction is denominated in a currency other than the base currency of the Company. The foreign exchange risk in the Company is effectively managed by the establishment and control of foreign exchange limits, such as through the establishment of maximum value of exposure to a particular currency pair as well as through the utilization of sensitivity analysis.